❤❤❤ Essay On Harsh Punishment
Corporal punishment Essay On Harsh Punishment schools has a long history Essay On Harsh Punishment was unquestioned as method Essay On Harsh Punishment disciplining children for centuries. A punishment can be an effective deterrent only if it is consistently and modern light microscopes employed. Archived Essay On Harsh Punishment the Essay On Harsh Punishment on 14 November On an attempt to resist carrying out the activities, they may beat the fresher with baseball bats or slap them. When the United States Constitution was first ratified by Essay On Harsh Punishment states, it did not contain a Bill of Rights, and Essay On Harsh Punishment did not prohibit Essay On Harsh Punishment and unusual punishments. With Essay On Harsh Punishment situation of ragging worsening yearly, there is emerging a spontaneous anti-ragging movement in India. Atthe doctors pronounced The Use Of Cephalopods In Civilization And Limpet By Martin Wells dead.
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These strategies intensified whenever black people asserted their independence or achieved any measure of success. During Reconstruction, the emergence of black elected officials and entrepreneurs was countered by convict leasing, a scheme in which white policymakers invented offenses used to target black people: vagrancy, loitering, being a group of black people out after dark, seeking employment without a note from a former enslaver. Anything that challenged the racial hierarchy could be seen as a crime, punished either by the law or by the lynchings that stretched from Mississippi to Minnesota. In , Anthony Crawford was lynched in South Carolina for being successful enough to refuse a low price for his cotton.
In , Elizabeth Lawrence was lynched near Birmingham for daring to chastise white children who were throwing rocks at her. It also cultivated a tolerance for employing any level of brutality in response. In , in Mississippi, a black man was accused of shooting a white landowner who had attacked him. A white mob captured him and the woman with him, cut off their ears and fingers, drilled corkscrews into their flesh and then burned them alive — while hundreds of white spectators enjoyed deviled eggs and lemonade. This appetite for harsh punishment has echoed across the decades.
Late in the 20th century, amid protests over civil rights and inequality, a new politics of fear and anger would emerge. It is black and brown people who are disproportionately targeted, stopped, suspected, incarcerated and shot by the police. Hundreds of years after the arrival of enslaved Africans, a presumption of danger and criminality still follows black people everywhere. New language has emerged for the noncrimes that have replaced the Black Codes: driving while black, sleeping while black, sitting in a coffee shop while black.
All reflect incidents in which African-Americans were mistreated, assaulted or arrested for conduct that would be ignored if they were white. In schools, black kids are suspended and expelled at rates that vastly exceed the punishment of white children for the same behavior. Inside courtrooms, the problem gets worse. Racial disparities in sentencing are found in almost every crime category. Children as young as 13, almost all black, are sentenced to life imprisonment for nonhomicide offenses. The smog created by our history of racial injustice is suffocating and toxic. This cannot be the end of the story.
We must acknowledge the years of injustice that haunt us. I recently went to New Orleans to celebrate the release of several of our Angola clients, including Matthew — men who survived the fields and the hole. I realized how important it is to stay hopeful: Hopelessness is the enemy of justice. On an attempt to resist carrying out the activities, they may beat the fresher with baseball bats or slap them. The seniors may attempt to harass or threaten the junior to complete their assignments, bunk classes, not to take part in any activities or be a part of clubs etc. But sometimes reverse is done by not letting freshers to do any academic related activity except for attending lectures during university hours which is said to be in order to prepare the freshers for heavier workloads during their upcoming years.
Although it comes under extreme cases of ragging and on complaint will lead to strict punishment to the seniors. Several highly reputed Indian colleges, especially medical ones have a history of ragging. Sometimes it is even considered to be a college tradition. Ragging is now defined as an act that violates or is perceived to violate an individual student's dignity. A high-level committee in , which probed the death of Aman Kachroo, revealed that alcohol was the main reason leading to serious form of ragging and violence in the campus.
A report from highlights 42 instances of physical injury, and reports on ten deaths purportedly the result of ragging. In , approximately seven ragging deaths have been reported. In addition, a number of freshmen were severely traumatised to the extent that they were admitted to mental institutions. Ragging in India commonly involves serious abuses and clear violations of human rights.
Often media reports and others unearth that it goes on, in many institutions, in the infamous Abu Ghraib style,  and on innocent victims. Following a Supreme Court order, a National Anti-Ragging Helpline was created to help the victims and take action in cases of ragging, by informing the head of the institution and the local police authorities of the ragging complaint from the college. The main feature of the helpline is that the complaints can be registered anonymously.
India's National Anti-Ragging Helpline started working in June to help students in distress due to ragging. It can be reached through email and a hour toll-free number. Provision for anonymous complaints was considered of utmost important at the time of establishment of the helpline, since the victim after making the complaint remains with or close to the culprits, away from a fully secure environment. Since many ragging deaths, like Aman Kachroo's,  occurred due to seniors taking a revenge of the complaint made, anonymous complaints were equally allowed at the helpline.
As per UGC regulations, it is mandatory for a college to register an F. In , a police case was registered against the director, dean and registrar of a reputed college in Delhi for, among other charges, not informing the police and registering F. The database of the Anti-Ragging Helpline indicates that it has been to an extent successful in ensuring a safer environment in colleges from where it registered the complaints. In many cases, it forwarded the complaint to the University Grants Commission UGC for an action against those colleges which refused to take any action against the culprits. A major concern that was highlighted against the helpline was that it registered a minuscule percentage 0. Specifically, the toll-free helpline received , calls in the three months of November to January , but only complaints were registered in this period.
Some students changed their minds midway not to register the complaint. In , the state of Tamil Nadu first passed laws related to ragging. Subsequently, a major boost to anti-ragging efforts was given by a landmark judgement of the Supreme Court of India in May ,  in response to a Public Interest Litigation filed by the Vishwa Jagriti Mission. In , the Government of Maharashtra enacted the Maharashtra Prohibition of Ragging Act, to prohibit ragging which it defines as the:. Display of disorderly conduct, doing of any act which causes or is likely to cause physical or psychological harm or raise apprehension or fear or shame or embarrassment to a student in any educational institution and includes— i teasing, abusing, threatening or playing practical jokes on, or causing hurt to, such student ; or ii asking a student to do any act or perform something which such student will not, in the ordinary course, willingly, do.
Maharashtra Act No. The objective of the act is to create a framework to establish ragging as a criminal act, and lay out possible punishments under the law. Section 4 of the Act states:. Students who have been convicted under this act may also be dismissed from their educational institution, and not be allowed to enroll in any other educational institution for five years. In addition, the act lays out a procedure by which education institutions should handle accusations of ragging, with suspension of the accused student s and investigation of the allegations, and holds those institutions accountable if they fail to act in the manner described.
Under Section 7 of the Act, the head of the institution who fails or neglects to properly investigate such allegations : "shall be deemed to have abetted the offense of ragging and shall, on conviction, be punished as provided for in section 4", "Maharashtra Prohibition of Ragging Act, ". In other words, the school principal, chancellor, or other head faces the same punishment as a student who has been accused and convicted under this law.
It was applied in , and resulted in the suspension of six students from Rajiv Gandhi Medical College in Mumbai. In , L. In June , after the suicide of Payal Tadvi , there were calls to strengthen the anti-ragging laws to check anti-caste bias. The law itself does not mention caste-based discrimination or other specific forms of bias. The Indian Supreme Court has taken a strong stand to prevent ragging. In , the court directed the H. Ministry of the Govt. Raghavan to recommend anti-ragging measures. The Raghavan Committee report,  submitted to the court in May , includes a proposal to include ragging as a special section under the Indian Penal Code.
The Supreme Court of India interim order  based on the recommendations dated 16 May makes it obligatory for academic institutions to file official First Information Reports with the police in any instance of a complaint of ragging. This would ensure that all cases would be formally investigated under the criminal justice system, and not by the academic institutions' own ad-hoc bodies. Welcoming the Supreme Court's judgment on ragging, Dr. Raghavan said, "there are finally signs that the recommendations to prevent ragging in colleges will be taken seriously". Subsequently, UGC has made few amendments to the Regulation. With the situation of ragging worsening yearly, there is emerging a spontaneous anti-ragging movement in India.
Several voluntary organisations have emerged, who conduct drives for public awareness and arrange for support to victims. The Indian media has exposed ragging incidents and the indifference of many concerned institutions towards curbing the act. The Supreme Court of India has directed, in its interim judgement, that action may be taken against negligent institutions.
Ragging is widely prevalent in Sri Lanka. There is no record to suggest that ragging is an indigenous phenomenon or was present in the ancient Sri Lankan educational institutions such as Mahavihara or Abhayagiri Vihara. It is widely considered to have been introduced during the post- World War II era. Sri Lankan soldiers returning from war re-entered the college educational system and brought with them the tradition and techniques of military style ragging.
These techniques were used in the military as a mechanism of breaking down an individual so that success was achieved through team effort rather than personal goals or motivation. As fewer military persons entered the universities, ragging devolved into a violent and hazardous exercise that has been largely utilized for political purposes and thuggery. Ragging continues in most government universities and several private institutions with some efforts being made to contain the problem although there is hesitation from administrations to get involved.
These efforts have been largely hindered by students themselves who consider ragging as a rite of passage. Traditionally, ragging would entail seniors mocking or jeering at freshers within a dedicated period of time — usually the first few months of an undergraduate's university life. This period is known as the 'ragging period'. In Sri Lanka, several variations of ragging can be observed. Ragging has been frequently associated with a broad spectrum of physical, behavioral, emotional and social problems among victims and is attributed to the increased risk of suicide and drop-outs among students attending Sri Lankan universities. Ragging at private universities and higher education institutes are at a minimum as compared to government universities which has prompted many students with financial means to enroll in private establishments.
Many senior students state they do not wish to rag juniors but succumb to peer pressure. On the other hand, although some new students or freshers enjoyed being ragged by their seniors, other students despised it. Following their ragging they did not even wish to talk to the senior students who subjected them to "inhumane mental and physical torture".
The human rights of citizens of Sri Lanka are protected in terms of the Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka which is the supreme law in the country. According to this Constitution, any citizen can produce a petition to the Supreme Court in terms of the article of the Constitution in case of a human right violation or a case closer to the infringement. The Constitution further highlights ruthless, brutal or contemptuous treatment to any party by another as a violation of human rights. Accordingly, the constitutional constrains specified above are equally applicable to university students. Any form of civil or criminal offence executed by them are liable to be punished and in an instance of violation of such rights committed by university students, they shall be produced before the relevant court and subject to suitable punishment that followed by the trial.
As specified in the detailed note of the Act, it is identified as an Act to eliminate ragging and other forms of violent and cruel inhuman and degrading treatment from educational institutions. Unlike in India , there is no official anti-ragging movement in Sri Lanka. But with the situation of ragging worsening yearly, there is a spontaneously emerging anti-ragging movement in each and every faculty of the universities that ragging exists. In the case of University of Peradeniya , the largest university in Sri Lanka, anti-ragging movement emerged in the year Prior to that, there was no movement against ragging, but certain individuals managed escape from the ragging.It is unusual because only the United States of Essay On Harsh Punishment the western industrialized nations engages Essay On Harsh Punishment this punishment. That is to say, unless you'd be okay with your boss Essay On Harsh Punishment you over the hand with a ruler or taking a paddle to your Essay On Harsh Punishment, then Essay On Harsh Punishment just have to say keep it in the bedroom. When the United States Constitution was first ratified by the states, it Explain Why Schools Should Start Later Essay not contain a Bill of Essay On Harsh Punishment, and it did Essay On Harsh Punishment prohibit cruel and unusual punishments.